G20 leaders failed to meet the moment of concern, the meeting took half-hearted steps instead of solid steps. Greenpeace expresses regret.
A meeting of G20 leaders in the historic Italian city of Rome set a key goal of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius and promised action on coal use. According to a report by the World Broadcasting Corporation, the commitments of a group of 20 major economies that emit about 80 percent of the world’s carbon are considered crucial to the success of the UN climate talks in Glasgow over the next fortnight.
According to the unanimous document, which states on several occasions that the leaders agreed on the key commitments made at the 20th Paris Summit, they agreed to fulfill the 1.5 degree commitment. Meaningful and effective measures are needed by all, taking into account different countries. Diplomats say the deal has been used more harshly than ever before, However, voluntary organizations have called the final statement weak. According to the statement, leaders of the G20 countries, including the United States, China, India, Russia, and the European Union, have called for clear national plans.
However, experts say that meeting the target of 1.5 degrees means reducing global emissions by almost half by 2030 and reaching zero by 2050, while the G20 draft does not give a date that is only zero. Talk about reaching the target. World leaders agree to end funding for new coal plants abroad by the end of 2021 that do not go through any filtering process Environmental campaign group Greenpeace criticized the final statement as weak, without ambition and ideology, and said G20 leaders had failed to meet the needs of the moment.
Jennifer Morgan, executive director of Greenpeace, said that if there was a dress rehearsal for the G20 COP26, then the world leaders would have crossed the line. Frederick Roder, senior director of the anti-poverty group Global Citizens, said the summit was half-hearted steps instead of solid steps, but French President Emmanuel Macron had previously said it was too early to end the Glasgow talks.
About 200 countries are gathering at the UN summit in Scotland, while many leaders in Rome, including US President Joe Biden, are heading straight to China, the world’s largest emitter of carbon emissions. China has announced plans to make its economy carbon-free before 2060, but has resisted pressure to meet its targets. India, meanwhile, says that if there is a net zero global target of 2050, then rich countries should be carbon neutral ten years ago so that poor, emerging economies have more time for carbon allowances and growth.